Describing Houses and Rooms
1) We use prepositions of location to describe the positions of things:
‘In’ is used for a country, a region, a city, a room, or an enclosed area
In Thailand, in Bangkok, in the bedroom, in the car, in the corner, in the fridge, in a classroom
‘At’ is used for a particular place:
At the university, at school, at the cinema, at the supermarket, at a restaurant
‘On’ is used when something is positioned on a surface:
On the floor, on the ceiling, on the table, on a shelf, on a desk etc
Below is a more complete list of prepositions.
Prepositions of place and direction
|above||higher than something.||The picture hangs above my bed.
|across||from one side to the other side||You mustn't go across this road here.
There isn't a bridge across the river.
|after||one follows the other||The cat ran after the dog.
|against||directed towards something||The bird flew against the window.
|along||in a line; from one point to another||They're walking along the beach.
|among||in a group||I like being among people.
|around||in a circular way||We're sitting around the campfire.
|behind||at the back of||Our house is behind the supermarket.
|below||lower than something||Death Valley is 86 metres below sea level.
|beside||next to||Our house is beside the supermarket.
|between||something/somebody is on each side||Our house is between the supermarket and the school.
|by||near||He lives in the house by the river.
|close to||near||Our house is close to the supermarket.
|down||from high to low||He came down the hill.
|from||the place where it starts||Do you come from Tokyo?
|in front of||the part that is in the direction it faces||Our house is in front of the supermarket.
|inside||opposite of outside||You shouldn't stay inside the castle.
|into||entering something||You shouldn't go into the castle.
|near||close to||Our house is near the supermarket.
|next to||beside||Our house is next to the supermarket.
|off||away from something||The cat jumped off the roof.
|onto||moving to a place||The cat jumped onto the roof.
|opposite||on the other side||Our house is opposite the supermarket.
|out of||leaving something||The cat jumped out of the window.
|outside||opposite of inside||Can you wait outside?
|over||above something/somebody||The cat jumped over the wall.
|past||going near something/somebody||Go past the post office.
|round||in a circle||We're sitting round the campfire.
|through||going from one point to the other point||You shouldn't walk through the forest.
|to||towards something/somebody||I like going to Australia. I've never been to Africa.
|towards||in the direction of something||We ran towards the castle.
|under||below something||The cat is under the table.
|up||from low to high||He went up the hill.
2) We also use ‘There is’ and There are’ to describe the existence of things in places and rooms. Refer to Class 10 for more details. http://www.dpu.ac.th/dpuic/page.php?id=288
3) The Rooms in a House
Right click on the links, and click on ‘open hyperlink’ to view the web pages below:
4) Furniture and Fittings in a House
WATCH A VIDEO
1) Using the wrong preposition
Translation of prepositions from Thai, or other languages, leads to errors.
2) Direct translation of descriptions
If you translate directly from Thai, the following errors may occur:
‘In my house have four room’
In my house = is not a subject. (‘My house’ is a subject)
The Thai verb ‘me’ (มี) is not changed with regard to singular or plural subjects, but it is in English.
There are no plural nouns in Thai.
The correct translation of this sentence is:
‘There are four rooms in my house’
4) Asking questions about a house
How many rooms are there in your house?
There are eight rooms in my house.
How many floors are there in your house?
There are two floors in my house.
How many bedrooms are there in your house?
There are two bedrooms in my house.
How many bathrooms are there in your house?
There are three bathrooms in my house.
What different types of room does your house have?
There is a kitchen, a dining room, a lounge, two bedrooms, three bathrooms, and a storage room in my house.
Is there a prayer room in your house?
Yes, there is. / No, there isn’t.
Does your house have a garden?
Yes it does. There is a garden in front of the house and a yard behind the house.
Do you have a garage?
No. I don’t have a garage.
Here is an example of a description of a room:
My bedroom is decorated in pink, red and purple. In the centre of my bedroom there is a large bed. Next to the bed is a bedside table with a vase of flowers on it. There is a large wardrobe to the left of my bed with a computer table, cupboards and shelves built into it. There is a coat stand next to the wardrobe. There are three round red mats on the floor in front of my bed. There are also three small cupboards on the wall above my bed. I keep my favourite things in there.
Here is a description of a building:
I live in a big house. There are three floors in my house. On the ground floor there is a staircase and a play room. The play room is empty at the moment because I am re-decorating it. On the first floor there is a sitting room and a kitchen. In the sitting room there is a big sofa and a small chest of drawers. There is a big double bed in the bedroom and a bedside table with a lamp on it. In the kitchen there is a big fridge, and oven and a microwave. On the top floor there is a bedroom, a bathroom and a washing room. In the bathroom there is a bath and shower, a basin and a toilet. In the washing room there is a washing machine and a tumble drier.