Describing Houses and Rooms - DPU International College

Describing Houses and Rooms

Describing Houses and Rooms  

1) We use prepositions of location to describe the positions of things:                                                                                                                      

In’ is used for a country, a region, a city, a room, or an enclosed area

 In Thailand, in Bangkok, in the bedroom, in the car, in the corner, in the fridge, in a classroom


At’ is used for a particular place:

At the university, at school, at the cinema, at the supermarket, at a restaurant                                                                                                                                 

On’ is used when something is positioned on a surface:

On the floor, on the ceiling, on the table, on a shelf, on a desk etc

Below is a more complete list of prepositions.


Prepositions of place and direction

abovehigher than something.The picture hangs above my bed.
acrossfrom one side to the other sideYou mustn't go across this road here.
There isn't a bridge across the river.
afterone follows the otherThe cat ran after the dog.
After you.
againstdirected towards somethingThe bird flew against the window.
alongin a line; from one point to anotherThey're walking along the beach.
amongin a groupI like being among people.
aroundin a circular wayWe're sitting around the campfire.
behindat the back ofOur house is behind the supermarket.
belowlower than somethingDeath Valley is 86 metres below sea level.
besidenext toOur house is beside the supermarket.
betweensomething/somebody is on each sideOur house is between the supermarket and the school.
bynearHe lives in the house by the river.
close tonearOur house is close to the supermarket.
downfrom high to lowHe came down the hill.
fromthe place where it startsDo you come from Tokyo?
in front ofthe part that is in the direction it facesOur house is in front of the supermarket.
insideopposite of outsideYou shouldn't stay inside the castle.
intoentering somethingYou shouldn't go into the castle.
nearclose toOur house is near the supermarket.
next tobesideOur house is next to the supermarket.
offaway from somethingThe cat jumped off the roof.
ontomoving to a placeThe cat jumped onto the roof.
oppositeon the other sideOur house is opposite the supermarket.
out ofleaving somethingThe cat jumped out of the window.
outsideopposite of insideCan you wait outside?
overabove something/somebodyThe cat jumped over the wall.
pastgoing near something/somebodyGo past the post office.
roundin a circleWe're sitting round the campfire.
throughgoing from one point to the other pointYou shouldn't walk through the forest.
totowards something/somebodyI like going to Australia. I've never been to Africa.
towardsin the direction of somethingWe ran towards the castle.
underbelow somethingThe cat is under the table.
upfrom low to highHe went up the hill.


2) We also use ‘There is’ and There are’ to describe the existence of things in places and rooms. Refer to Class 10 for more details.


3) The Rooms in a House

Right click on the links, and click on ‘open hyperlink’ to view the web pages below:

Read and  Practice
Read and Practice

4) Furniture and Fittings in a House

Read and  Practice
Read and  Practice


Common mistakes

1) Using the wrong preposition

Translation of prepositions from Thai, or other languages, leads to errors.

2) Direct translation of descriptions

If you translate directly from Thai, the following errors may occur:

‘In my house have four room’

In my house = is not a subject. (‘My house’ is a subject)

The Thai verb ‘me’ (มี) is not changed with regard to singular or plural subjects, but it is in English.

There are no plural nouns in Thai.

The correct translation of this sentence is:

‘There are four rooms in my house’

4) Asking questions about a house


How many rooms are there in your house?

There are eight rooms in my house.


How many floors are there in your house?

There are two floors in my house.


How many bedrooms are there in your house?

There are two bedrooms in my house.


How many bathrooms are there in your house?

There are three bathrooms in my house.


What different types of room does your house have?

There is a kitchen, a dining room, a lounge, two bedrooms, three bathrooms, and a storage room in my house.


Is there a prayer room in your house?

Yes, there is. / No, there isn’t.


Does your house have a garden?

Yes it does. There is a garden in front of the house and a yard behind the house.


Do you have a garage?

No. I don’t have a garage.


Here is an example of a description of a room:


My bedroom is decorated in pink, red and purple. In the centre of my bedroom there is a large bed. Next to the bed is a bedside table with a vase of flowers on it. There is a large wardrobe to the left of my bed with a computer table, cupboards and shelves built into it. There is a coat stand next to the wardrobe. There are three round red mats on the floor in front of my bed. There are also three small cupboards on the wall above my bed. I keep my favourite things in there.


Here is a description of a building:


I live in a big house. There are three floors in my house. On the ground floor there is a staircase and a play room. The play room is empty at the moment because I am re-decorating it. On the first floor there is a sitting room and a kitchen.  In the sitting room there is a big sofa and a small chest of drawers. There is a big double bed in the bedroom and a bedside table with a lamp on it. In the kitchen there is a big fridge, and oven and a microwave. On the top floor there is a bedroom, a bathroom and a washing room. In the bathroom there is a bath and shower, a basin and a toilet. In the washing room there is a washing machine and a tumble drier.